India is known for its diverse culture and heritage. Music has always occupied a substantial position in the Indian culture. The oldest Hindu scripture: Vedas also mentions about music. Samadeva, among the four vedas describes music at length.
The basis of Indian music is “sangeet”. Sangeet is really a mixture of three different is forms, namely: vocal, instrumental and dance. Raag and Taal make up the two most important pillar of Indian music. “Raag includes the melodic part of Indian Music while Taal forms the rhythmic aspect.
Indian classical is monophonic in nature and it is usually based on a single melody line. The 2 main types of music prevalent in India are:
Live Indian songs – Hindustani Classical, originally from North India: This form of Indian Classical originated from the Vedic Chants and are popular in northern part of India, including various neighboring countries, like Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Nepal etc.
Live Indian songs – The types of compositions that are included in this genre are:
Live Indian songs – Carnatic, originally from South India: This form of Indian music is famous within the southern part of the subcontinent that covers fours states: Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala. The types of compositions that are included in this genre are:
Some of the instruments associated with Indian music are: tanpura, tabla, sitar, sarod, harmonium, pakhawaj, bansuri, shehanai, violin etc. A few of the eminent singers of Indian Classical music are: Tansen, Ustad Bade Ghulam Ali Khan, Pandit Bhimsen Joshi, D.V. Paluskar, G.N. Balasubramanium, Abdul Karim Khan, and Faiyaz Khan Etc.